Quick MVC Tutorial Part 2

Iris has a very powerful and blazing fast MVC support, you can return any value of any type from a method function and it will be sent to the client as expected.

  • if string then it's the body.
  • if string is the second output argument then it's the content type.
  • if int then it's the status code.
  • if error and not nil then (any type) response will be omitted and error's text with a 400 bad request will be rendered instead.
  • if (int, error) and error is not nil then the response result will be the error's text with the status code as int.
  • if custom struct or interface{} or slice or map then it will be rendered as json, unless a string content type is following.
  • if mvc.Result then it executes its Dispatch function, so good design patters can be used to split the model's logic where needed.

The example below is not intended to be used in production but it's a good showcase of some of the return types we saw before;

package main

import (

// Movie is our sample data structure.
type Movie struct {
    Name   string `json:"name"`
    Year   int    `json:"year"`
    Genre  string `json:"genre"`
    Poster string `json:"poster"`

// movies contains our imaginary data source.
var movies = []Movie{
        Name:   "Casablanca",
        Year:   1942,
        Genre:  "Romance",
        Poster: "https://iris-go.com/images/examples/mvc-movies/1.jpg",
        Name:   "Gone with the Wind",
        Year:   1939,
        Genre:  "Romance",
        Poster: "https://iris-go.com/images/examples/mvc-movies/2.jpg",
        Name:   "Citizen Kane",
        Year:   1941,
        Genre:  "Mystery",
        Poster: "https://iris-go.com/images/examples/mvc-movies/3.jpg",
        Name:   "The Wizard of Oz",
        Year:   1939,
        Genre:  "Fantasy",
        Poster: "https://iris-go.com/images/examples/mvc-movies/4.jpg",

var basicAuth = basicauth.New(basicauth.Config{
    Users: map[string]string{
        "admin": "password",

func main() {
    app := iris.New()


    app.Controller("/movies", new(MoviesController))


// MoviesController is our /movies controller.
type MoviesController struct {
    // mvc.C is just a lightweight alternative
    // to the "mvc.Controller" controller type.

// Get returns list of the movies
// Demo:
// curl -i http://localhost:8080/movies
func (c *MoviesController) Get() []Movie {
    return movies

// GetBy returns a movie
// Demo:
// curl -i http://localhost:8080/movies/1
func (c *MoviesController) GetBy(id int) Movie {
    return movies[id]

// PutBy updates a movie
// Demo:
// curl -i -X PUT -F "genre=Thriller" -F "poster=@/Users/kataras/Downloads/out.gif" http://localhost:8080/movies/1
func (c *MoviesController) PutBy(id int) Movie {
    // get the movie
    m := movies[id]

    // get the request data for poster and genre
    file, info, err := c.Ctx.FormFile("poster")
    if err != nil {
        return Movie{}
    file.Close()            // we don't need the file
    poster := info.Filename // imagine that as the url of the uploaded file...
    genre := c.Ctx.FormValue("genre")

    // update the poster
    m.Poster = poster
    m.Genre = genre
    movies[id] = m

    return m

// DeleteBy deletes a movie
// Demo:
// curl -i -X DELETE -u admin:password http://localhost:8080/movies/1
func (c *MoviesController) DeleteBy(id int) iris.Map {
    // delete the entry from the movies slice
    deleted := movies[id].Name
    movies = append(movies[:id], movies[id+1:]...)
    // and return the deleted movie's name
    return iris.Map{"deleted": deleted}

Click here to navigate to the mvc tutorial part 3.

results matching ""

    No results matching ""