JSON

Content-Type: "application/json"

The Context.JSON(v, ...opts) is the method which sends JSON responses to the client. It accepts the value and optional settings for rendering. The JSON options structure looks like this:

// JSON contains the options for the JSON (Context's) Renderer.
type JSON struct {
// http-specific
StreamingJSON bool
// content-specific
UnescapeHTML bool
Indent string
Prefix string
ASCII bool
// if true then it prepends a "while(1);" when Go slice (to JSON Array) value.
Secure bool
// proto.Message specific marshal options.
Proto ProtoMarshalOptions
}

If Indent field is empty and the application runs without optimizations, the Indent field will be automatically set to 2 spaces.

So, if we want to write a JSON with indentation of four spaces and prefixed with while(1) we can do something like that:

func handler(ctx iris.Context) {
response := []string{"val1", "val2", "val3"}
options := iris.JSON{Indent: " ", Secure: true}
ctx.JSON(response, options)
}

Result

while(1);[
"val1",
"val2",
"val3"
]

As with all RESTful rich responses, any marshallable (JSON at this case) Go type can be given. If we want to render a Go struct as JSON, the struct's fields we want to render should be exported, and optionally tagged with the json struct tag. Look the exaple below:

type User struct {
Firstname string `json:"firstname"`
Lastname string `json:"lastname"`
IgnoredField int `json:"-"`
}
func handler(ctx iris.Context) {
response := User{
Firstname: "makis",
Lastname: "maropoulos",
IgnoredField:42,
}
ctx.JSON(response)
}

Result

{
"firstname": "makis",
"lastname": "maropoulos"
}

ASCII

Use the ASCII field to generate ASCII-only JSON with escaped non-ASCII characters.

app.Get("/json_ascii", func(ctx iris.Context) {
response := iris.Map{"lang": "GO-虹膜", "tag": "<br>"}
options := iris.JSON{Indent: " ", ASCII: true}
ctx.JSON(response, options)
})

Result

{
"lang": "GO-\u8679\u819c",
"tag": "\u003cbr\u003e"
}

UnescapeHTML

Do not replace special HTML characters with their unicode entities using the UnescapeHTML field.

app.Get("/json_raw", func(ctx iris.Context) {
options := iris.JSON{UnescapeHTML: true}
ctx.JSON(iris.Map{
"html": "<b>Hello, world!</b>",
}, options)
})

Result

{"html":"<b>Hello, world!</b>"}